Oh Do Kwan Tul 1965
The name of the Form, the number of movements, and the diagram or symbol of each form symbolizes either heroes or events in Korean history
Means the “Heaven and Earth" in the Orient it is interpreted as the creation of the world, the beginning of human history. This pattern consists of two similar parts-one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.
Is named after the holy Dan Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2333 BC
Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn ch’ang-Ho, 1876-1938, who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and it’s independent movement.
Was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 AD
Is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi Il, 1536-1584, nicknamed the Confucius of Korea. The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th latitude and the diagram represents "scholar"
Is the name of the patriot An Jung-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese Governor General of Korea. Known as the man who played the leading part of the Korea Japan merger. There are 23 movements in this "patter" to represent Mr. An's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910)
Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th AD), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the patter refer to his birthplace on the 37 latitude, the diagram the pattern represents “scholar."
Is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated during the Silla Dynasty about 1350 years ago. This group eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three Kingdoms of Korea. The 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.
Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) which was the precursor of the present-day submarine in 1592AD, The reason this pattern ends with a left-hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having had no chance to show his unrestrained potential, being checked by forced reservation of his loyalty to the king.
Is picked after the famous Gwan-Gae-T’o-Wang, the 19th king of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory the 39, movements refer to his reign of 39 years.
Is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.
Is the name of the General in charge of the army Bak Jai at the end of its dynasty in 660AD, He organized 5,000 soldiers to fight the united force of Silla and Dang. The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline.
Is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. Who was instrumental in uniting the three kingdoms of Korea. The 68 moves refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D. the year Korea was unified.
Was the given name to the great General Kim Dok-Ryong of the Yi Dynasty about 400 years ago. This pattern ends with a left hand attack which signifies that he died in prison at the age of 27 on a false charge which prevented him from demonstrating his full capability.
Is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang’s invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D., Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerrilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram represents his surname.
Denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea, which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement.
Is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders, headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later become the first king of the Lee Dynasty.
Ko Dang is the pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man-Sik, who dedicated his life to the Korean Independence Movement & to the education of the Korean people. The 39 movements signify his times of imprisonment & his birthplace on the 39° latitude.
Is named after the greatest king of Korea. Se-Jong Who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443 A.D., and was also a noted meteorologist. The diagram represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 latter’s in the Korean alphabet.
Denotes the unification of Korea, which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolizes the homogenous race.